Born in Frankfurt, came to England in 1933. Studied at Slade School of Fine Art 1936-9. Taught at West of England College of Art 1946-75. An abstract painter since c.1950 and has lived and worked in Cornwall for many years. Has had numerous solo exhibitions including two at Tate St Ives and many at Redfern Gallery. Works held by many public collections, including British Council, Tate Gallery and others.